B.A. / B.Sc
(a) Physical Anthropology
(b) Social Anthropology
(c) Archaeological Anthropology
(d) Tribal and Peasant Communities
(e) Ethnology of India
(f) Human Genetics
(g) Anthropological Theory and Research
(h) Projects Reports (Two)
(i) Practical Three
(j) Field Dissertation (One)
Paper I: Social and Cultural Anthropology MM 33/50
1. Anthropology, Definition, Aims, Objectives and Scope.
2. Basic concepts in Social Anthropology, Society, Group, Community, Status and Role, Caste and Class, Structure & Organization, Language and Society.
3. Basic concepts in Cultural Anthropology: Culture, Culture-Trait, Culture-Complex, Culture-Area, Culture-theme, Culture-pattern, Culture-configuration, Acculturation and Diffusion.
4. Marriage: Problem of Definition, Types of Marriages, ways of Acquiring mates, Hypergamy, Hypogamy Levirate, Sororate.
5. Family: Definition, function and form, Universality of family as an institution.
6. Kinship: Definition, Rules of descent-Unilateral, Bilateral, and Double, Rules of Residence – Uxorilocal virilocal, neolocal, matrilocal and patrilocal: Kinship Usage, Avoidance, Joking relations, Avanculate, Amitate and Couvade.
7. Economic organization: Mode of Production, Exchange Barter, Kula and Potlatch.
8. Political organization: Definition, Primitive law, social sanctions, social control and government, state and stateless system.
9. Religion and Magic: Definition and differences, animism, mana and totem.
- Beals and Hoizer: Introduction to Anthropology.
- Firth, Raymond: Human Types.
- Hammond, P.B.: Culture and Social Anthropology.
- Lenhardt, G: Social Anthropology.
- Mair, L: Introduction to Social Anthropology.
- Majumdar, D.N. and T.N. Madan: Introduction to Social Anthropology.
- Mathur, Vidyarthi and Singh: Manavashashtra Ki Rooprekha. Misra and Tiwari: Bharteeya Adivasi.
- Shapiro, H.L: Man, Cultural and Society.
- Herskovits, M.J.: Culture Anthropology.
- Hindi translation of these books is available.
Paper II: Physical Anthropology MM 33/50
1. Physical Anthropology: Definition, Aims, Objectives and Scope.
2. Organic Evaluation: Lamarckism and Darwinism.
3. Man’s Place in Animal kingdom: Taxonomy.
4. Comparative Anatomy (Man and Anthropoid Apes) of:
(iii) Limb Bones
5. Elementary Human Genetics:
(i) Mendal’s laws of inheritance.
(ii) Cell: Its structure and Division.
(iii) Simple and single factor inheritence and sex-linkage.
6. Characteristics and Distribution of Caucasoid, Monogoloid and Negroid Great Racial Divisions of Mankind.
7. Elementary Blood Groups: ABO and RH factor.
8. Elementary Dermatoglyphics. Types of Finger Prints.
- Dobzhansky, T.: Evolution.
- British Museum: Handbook of Evolution
- Howells, W.W.: Mankind in the Making.
- Ghosh and Ghosh: Introduction to Physical Anthropology.
- Das, B.M.: Outline of Physical Anthropology.
- Curtestern: Human Genetics.
- Singh, R.D.: Sharirik Manavavigyan.
- Nath, Surinder: Finger Print Identification.
Paper-III – Paleoanthropology MM 33/50
1. Paleoanthropology: Definition, Aims, Objectives and Scope.
2. Dating method and Geological Time Scale.
3. Fossils and Fossilization.
4. Fossil Primates and Apes- Prosimian Primates, Propliopithecus, Aegyptopithecus, Dryopithcus, Ramapithecus, Kenyapithecus, 5. Australopithecus Africanus and Paranthropus Robustus, Homo Habilis, Australopithicus, Afarensis.
7. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis: Characteristics and Distribution, Classical and Progressive, Cro Magnon, Rhodesian Man.
- Das, B.M.: Out line of Physical Anthropology.
- Shukla, B.R.K. and Sudha Rastogi: Physical Anthropology and Genetics.
Practical: MM 50 Time 4 hours
The Student shall do following exercises in Physical Anthropology:
(a) Somatometry: Stature, Sitting Height, Weight, Maximum Head Length, Maximum Head Breadth, Nasal Length, and Nasal Breadth, cephalic Index and Nasal Index. Height Acromion. Illiocristala, Height Dactalian.
(b) Craniometry: Cranial Length, Cranial Breadth, Nasal Length, Nasal Breadth, Cranial Index and Nasal Index, Length of Forman Magnum,Frontal Breadth,Total Height of Skull.
(c) Basic Dermatoglyphics: Identification of basic pattern of 5 individuals on finger balls.
Identification of Long Bones.
A. Norma Lateralis; B. Norma Vertrealis; C. Norma Faciolis.
Division of Marks B.A./B.Sc.50